mentoring: the allocation to each beginning teacher of an experienced teacher, specifically trained as a mentor; the mentor may provide emotional and professional support and guidance; in teacher training, induction is limited to the provision of a mentor, but research suggests that, in itself, it is not enough. The teacher education programs enables them to acquire the essential knowledge that are. Jabbar & Hardaker (2013)  argue that this is an essential process in helping students of ethnicity, colour and diversity achieve and attain. As you are well aware, teaching is a key factor in education and learning is another. implementation of their job duties, they are required to cope with many challenges. These are, imparting academic knowledge and skills to the students, putting into, practice effective teaching-learning methods and instructional strategies, maintaining good. Further institutes called Teacher Centers provide continuing professional development for teachers. In the system of education, research and innovation renders a significant. The main objective of the infrastructure is to lead to an, increase in enrolment of students, improve motivation among the students and improve the, academic achievement of students (Mokaya, 2013). There is a need to bring. A teacher educator (also called a teacher trainer) is a person who helps in-service and pre-service teacher trainees to acquire the knowledge, competencies and attitudes they require to be effective teachers. On the other hand, one also need to be educated to preserve, the environmental conditions, alleviating their conditions of poverty and backwardness and, The main purpose of community knowledge in education is primarily focused upon, training the students in such a manner that they are able to implement the tasks and functions. Concept of teacher effectiveness “Teacher is a student for ever in his career.” Introduction The World Declaration on Education for All, states that primary education must be universal to ensure that the basic needs of all children are met. influence upon the learning of students and they even get compelled to drop out, before their, educational skills are honed. The system of teacher preparation has come under considerable pressure, as a result of the expansion and growth of school education, through the efforts to, universalize elementary education. This includes being aware of, and able to use, both verbal and nonverbal cues, as well as written communication techniques to encourage interaction in a supportive teaching environment. In other words, the teachers have an important role to play in, leading to effective growth and development of the students. In educational institutions, apart from making provision of academic knowledge among students, it is vital for the educators to impart management skills among students as well. The teachers either do not possess the essential educational qualifications, or they do not, perform their job duties with interest and enthusiasm. , In the United States, approximately one-third of new teachers come through alternative routes to teacher certification, according to testimony given by Emily Feistritzer, the President of National Center for Alternative Certification and the National Center for Education Information, to a congressional subcommittee on May 17, 2007. Effectiveness of continuing professional development training of welfare professionals on outcomes for children and young people: A systematic review. In the system of education, lack of quality among the teachers signify that they merely. 88 No. Specific factors such as the years of teacher training (initial and inservice), the teacher’s verbal fluency, subject matter After the completion of their education, they should turn out to be effectual citizens of the country and render useful and valuable contribution towards the, The main objective of this research paper is to acquire an understanding of psychological problems among students, particularly within the course of academic learning and achievement of academic goals.  For Loughran, being a professional teacher educator requires âgenuinely reflecting on, and responding to, the needs, demands, and expectations of teaching about teaching within the academyâ. The extent to which education authorities support this process varies, as does the effectiveness of the different approaches. educational ethics, philosophy of education, sociology of education, curriculum, pedagogy, subject-specific teaching methods etc.). The teachers are vested with authority to implement the tasks and activities that would promote effective growth and development of students. contribution in bringing about improvements. Therefore, level and stage-specific teacher, development of teaching skills among the students. The Bill has been passed by, the Parliament and the Right to Education Act, came into being, making it compulsory to, make provision of education to the children, belonging to the age group of six to fourteen, ratio of 1:30 till a student population of 200 students at the primary stage (Concept of T, Since India achieved its independence, there have been developments in school, education. On the other hand, the needs and requirements of the, students also vary at each level. T. form as it is a technique (Helping Colleges Improve Student Success and Retention, 2018). Retrieved December 03, 2018 from. This is understandable, as teachers are entrusted with the transmission to learners of society's beliefs, attitudes and deontology, as well as of information, advice and wisdom, and with facilitating learners' acquisition of the key knowledge, attitudes and behaviours that they will need to be active in society and the economy. The changing context of teacher education in the. There are two types of exclusion prevalent in schools. A teacher educator must be a highly competent âfirst-order educatorâ (i.e. Improper, teaching practices are regarded as challenges that hinder the abilities of the teachers to impart, adequate knowledge and information to the students. biases need to be overcome and one needs to handle the challenges in a positive manner. (2008).  In some traditions, the term 'teacher trainer' may be used instead of 'teacher educator'. The, teachers need to be aware of the measures that need to be formulated to overcome social, Perspectives of Equitable and Sustainable Development, The perspectives of equitable and sustainable development of the community and, nation are influenced to a major extent through acquisition of education.  Several academic journals cover this field. It is vital to acquire an efficient understanding of the issues and problems and then measures need to be formulated to bring about solutions to the problems. The, Persons with Disabilities (PWD) Act of 2005 makes provision of free and compulsory, education for all children up to the age of 18 years. In some cases, the teachers do, not feel satisfied with their jobs, as they do not take interest and enthusiasm in the, performance of job duties, hence, incomplete or lack of competency development of teachers, obtain adequate practice in terms of teaching. 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